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There always remains something in our past and our ancient cities let us to explore everything that they have to offer and which we can learn from them. Ancient cities are reminiscent of how people lived millenniums ago. It tells about the physical appearance of cities. Below is provided some brief information about some of the ancient cities of Europe:

  1. Choirokoitia (Cyprus): Located in Cyprus it is one of the most old and valued pre- historic site as old as to 7000 years. The site is partly recovered and work of excavation is still going on.
  2. Athens (Greece): With historical span of 3, 400 years   is one of the oldest cities and is a Greek capital. In old days Athens was a powerful city and center of arts, learning and philosophy. It was the birth place of Socrates, Pericles, Sophocles and other major philosophers.
  3. Lisbon (Portugal): Capital and largest city of Portugal was under Roman control around 205 BC was already 1000 years old city.  It was made municipium called Felicitas Julia by Julius Caesar.
  4. Sofia (Bulgaria): 7000 years old city of Bulgaria is the 12th largest city of Europe by population. Traces of prehistoric settlements were found at the center of present city near the royal palace as well as other districts like Slatina and Obelia. The well preserved town walls go back to as far as to 7th century BC.
  5. Cadiz (Spain): Cadiz is the oldest regularly lived city in Spain and more in southwestern Europe. It had been the principal home port of the Spanish Navy since the accession of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century.
  6. Rome (Italy): Two and half thousand years old is one of the founding cities of Western Civilization and presently is capital of Rome. It was center of power for Roman Empire that prevailed over Europe, North Africa and the Middle East for over four hundred years from the 1st Century BC until the 4th Century Ad.
  7. Istanbul (Turkey): Known in history as Byzantium and Constantinople is the largest city in the Turkey and fifth largest city in the world with a present population of 12.6 million. In its long history the city has served as capital city of Roman Empire the Roman Empire (330–395), the East Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922).
  8. Naples (Italy): Nearly 2, 800 years old city Naples in Italy is capital of the region of Campania and the province of Naples. It is located halfway between two volcanic areas, the volcano of Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields by the Gulf of Naples. The city has witnessed a number of civilizations coming forth and going away and is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
  9. Vienna (Austria): A Celtic settlement founded around 500 BC; Vienna became a Roman frontier city (Vindobona) to protect Roman Empire against Germanic tribes to the north. Presently Vienna is capital of Austria and one of the important cities in Europe.
  10. Belgrade (Serbia): Belgrade the largest city and capital of Serbia is one of the oldest cities in Europe and its archeological evidences trace its existence as back as to 6th millennium BC. Belgrade’s wider city area is known to be the birth place of largest prehistoric culture of Europe. During the 3rd century BC the city was founded by Celts who named it White City. Due to its strategic location city was fought around in 115 wars and demolished 44 times since the ancient time by countless armies of the East and West.